Build configuration plugins

ScandiPWA introduces concept of "build plugins". This is a feature of ScandiPWA extensions.

To create a build plugin - means to create extend the application build configuration. The build plugins can modify: Webpack, Webpack dev-server, Craco configurations. You can also provide commands to run before starting the build.

To create a build plugin

Instruction
Example
Instruction
  1. Define an empty object as a value of the scandipwa.build field in your extension's package.json

    1. Populate the configuration object with cracoPlugins field, set it to empty array.

  2. Create a new folder in your extension's root, name it build-config:

    1. Create a new file in it, name it to represent it's build modification purpose

    2. Populate an array of cracoPlugins in your package.json with a path to your new file (relative to the extension root).

  3. Inside of your plugin file, define a module.exports equal to an object. This object may have two keys:

    1. plugin (required) where the plugin implementation will be defined

    2. options (optional) where the plugin options will be defined

  4. Implement a plugin in the object created at the step 3). To do it, follow these guidelines.

You can also use the existing Craco extensions. You can find the list of them here. You can import them and use as the plugin implementation passing into the plugin key value on the step 3).

Example

This plugin implements a Create ScandiPWA App compilation into valid Magento 2 theme. We plan to modify the Webpack and Craco configurations.

Following instruction steps 1) and 2) we created following entry in our package.json:

{
"scandipwa": {
"type": "extension",
"build": {
"cracoPlugins": [
"build-config/magento.js"
]
}
},
...
}

The new file magento.js was created in build-config folder in our extension root.

In our magento.js plugin file, we define a module.exports an object, with plugin key, where we implement extensions of Webpack and Craco configurations. We make sure:

  • The appBuild should is set to magento/Magento_Theme.

  • The appHtml to public/index.php.

  • The options field filename of the HtmlWebpackPlugin is set to ../templates/root.phtml.

  • The file-loader is excluding the .php from processing, so it does not appear in the build folder along-side of others application assets.

We used getLoader and loaderByName utility functions of Craco. Learn more about them in official Craco guide.

Heads up!

Create ScandiPWA App uses the custom fork of Craco called @scandipwa/craco.

The final file will look something like this:

const path = require('path');
const FallbackPlugin = require('@scandipwa/webpack-fallback-plugin');
const HtmlWebpackPlugin = require('html-webpack-plugin');
const { sources } = require('@scandipwa/scandipwa-scripts/lib/sources');
const { getLoader, loaderByName } = require('@scandipwa/craco');
module.exports = {
plugin: {
overrideCracoConfig: ({
cracoConfig
}) => {
// For Magento, use magento/Magento_Theme folder as dist
cracoConfig.paths.appBuild = path.join(process.cwd(), 'magento', 'Magento_Theme', 'web');
// For Magento use PHP template (defined in /public/index.php)
cracoConfig.paths.appHtml = FallbackPlugin.getFallbackPathname('./public/index.php', sources);
// Always return the config object.
return cracoConfig;
},
overrideWebpackConfig: ({ webpackConfig }) => {
// For Magento setup, change output file name
webpackConfig.plugins.forEach((plugin) => {
if (plugin instanceof HtmlWebpackPlugin) {
plugin.options.filename = '../templates/root.phtml';
}
});
const { isFound: isFileLoaderFound, match: fileLoader } = getLoader(
webpackConfig,
loaderByName('file-loader')
);
if (isFileLoaderFound) {
// Add .php to ignore files (otherwise php will compile into /media as file)
fileLoader.loader.exclude.push(/\.php$/);
}
return webpackConfig;
}
}
};

To define a before run script

Instruction
Example
Instruction
  1. Define an empty object as a value of the scandipwa.build field in your extension's package.json

    1. Populate the configuration object with before field, set it to empty string.

  2. Create a new folder in your extension's root, name it build-config:

    1. Create a new file in it, name it to represent before-run script's purpose

    2. Set the before field in your package.json equal to a path to your new file (relative to the extension root).

  3. Inside of your plugin file, define a module.exports equal to a function.

  4. Implement a script based on your needs. No guidelines here, it's up to you!

Example

The purpose of our script is to make sure there is a file named composer.json in the root current theme.

Following instruction steps 1) and 2) we created following entry in our package.json:

{
"scandipwa": {
"type": "extension",
"build": {
"before": "build-config/composer.js"
}
},
...
}

The new file composer.js was created in build-config folder in our extension root.

Inside of this file we will use the process.cwd() to determine the location of current theme. We will use process.exit() to exit the program and stop build from running.

The final file will look something like this:

const fs = require('fs');
const path = require('path');
module.exports = () => {
const composerPath = path.join(process.cwd(), 'composer.json');
if (!fs.existsSync(composerPath)) {
console.log('The file "composer.json" should be present it the theme\'s root');
process.exit();
}
};

Build plugin implementation syntax

The plugin syntax of Create ScandiPWA App is based on the Craco (Create React App Configuration Override) plugin syntax.

Each plugin is an object, which might contain following keys (you can combine them):

  • overrideCracoConfig - allows to customize the Craco configuration object.

  • overrideWebpackConfig - allows to customize the Webpack config.

  • overrideDevServerConfig - allows to customize the Webpack dev-server config

The values of this object keys are functions, which implement an override for the configuration. The function may be asynchronous.

Craco configuration plugin

Instruction
Example
Instruction

The function overrideCracoConfig allows a plugin override the configuration object before it's process by Craco.

The function must return a valid Craco configuration object. The function will be called with a single object argument having the following structure:

{
cracoConfig, // The original CRACO configuration object
pluginOptions, // The plugin options provided by the consumer
context: {
env, // The current NODE_ENV (development, production, etc..)
paths // An object that contains all the paths used by CRA
}
}

The cracoConfig is passed into you plugin implementation by reference, which means you can modify it's values directly.

Example

This plugin intent is to modify the paths of an application. The appBuild should be set to magento/Magento_Theme and the appHtml to public/index.php.

({ cracoConfig }) => {
// For Magento, use magento/Magento_Theme folder as dist
cracoConfig.paths.appBuild = path.join(process.cwd(), 'magento', 'Magento_Theme', 'web');
// For Magento use PHP template (defined in /public/index.php)
cracoConfig.paths.appHtml = FallbackPlugin.getFallbackPathname('./public/index.php', sources);
// Always return the config object.
return cracoConfig;
}

Webpack configuration plugin

Instruction
Example
Instruction

The function overrideWebpackConfig allows plugin override the Webpack configuration object after it's been customized by Craco.

The function must return a valid Webpack configuration object. The function will be called with a single object argument having the following structure:

{
webpackConfig, // The webpack config object already customized by craco
cracoConfig, // The configuration object read from the craco.config.js file provided by the consumer
pluginOptions, // The plugin options provided by the consumer
context: {
env, // The current NODE_ENV (development, production, etc..)
paths //An object that contains all the paths used by CRA
}
}

The webpackConfig is passed into you plugin implementation by reference, which means you can modify it's values directly.

Example

The plugin modifies the options field filename of the HtmlWebpackPlugin. It set's it to ../templates/root.phtml.

({ webpackConfig }) => {
// For Magento setup, change output file name
webpackConfig.plugins.forEach((plugin) => {
if (plugin instanceof HtmlWebpackPlugin) {
plugin.options.filename = '../templates/root.phtml';
}
});
// Always return the config object.
return webpackConfig;
}

Webpack dev-server configuration plugin

Instruction
Example
Instruction

The function overrideDevServerConfig let a plugin override the dev server config object after it's been customized by Craco.

The function must return a valid Webpack dev-server configuration object. The function will be called with a single object argument having the following structure:

{
devServerConfig, // The dev server config object already customized by craco
cracoConfig, // The configuration object read from the craco.config.js file provided by the consumer
pluginOptions, // The plugin options provided by the consumer
context: {
env, // The current NODE_ENV (development, production, etc..)
paths, // An object that contains all the paths used by CRA
allowedHost // Provided by CRA
}
}
Example

This plugin dumps the configuration object of Webpack dev-server for debugging purposes.

({ devServerConfig }) => {
// Dump the configuration file and format it
console.log(JSON.stringify(devServerConfig, null, 4));
// Always return the config object.
return devServerConfig;
}